80 per cent migrant workers who returned to their villages could not find work under MGNREGA. Many did not have a job card mandatory to work under the scheme.
Unprecedented COVID19-led reverse migration has wreaked havoc in the lives of millions of men and women who now face unemployment and despair back in their villages.
The recent lockdown created unforeseen havoc affecting millions of Indians. Every class of worker was hit hard – farmers, shopkeepers, weavers, cottage industry workers and the salaried class.
In a first of its kind survey, Gaon Connection delves into the depths of the agony suffered by rural India, especially its farmers, during the lockdown.
Seven in 10 economically weak households with no ration cards reportedly faced ‘very high’ or ‘high’ difficulty in accessing food during the lockdown.
Gaon Connection’s national rural survey found that nine out of 10 rural citizens faced some sort of financial difficulty during the COVID-19 lockdown.
Chhattisgarh reported the highest percentage (70%) of households that found work under MGNREGA during the nationwide lockdown, whereas Gujarat reported the least, at 2%.
Gaon Connection tried to understand how the COVID-19 lockdown impacted the lives of thousands of migrant labourers who returned to their village homes.
Pregnant women’s healthcare suffered in the lockdown. In West Bengal, only 29% households with pregnant women confirmed checkups and vaccination; Rajasthan reported the highest at 87%.
Gaon Connection survey found 23% migrant workers walked to their village homes during the lockdown. About 12% were beaten by the police, 40% faced food scarcity.