Cultivating paddy aerobically is low cost, sustainable, cuts down labour, and uses much less water, as this method requires very little irrigation and no transplantation.
Aerobic method requires neither the expensive field irrigation nor transplantation. Photo: By arrangement
Paddy cultivation traditionally requires a lot of water. However, methods have evolved over the years that use less water, yet yield more produce.
The aerobic method is one of them that is becoming increasingly popular with paddy cultivators across the country, because it requires neither the expensive field irrigation nor transplantation.
“The conventional technique is water-intensive because considerable water is consumed in the nursery first. Then, once the saplings are transplanted, they have to be watered once again,” Vinod Kumar Srivastava, scientist at the Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, told Gaon Connection. The aerobic method of sowing can be adopted even where there are few irrigation resources, he added.
Explaining the aerobic method, Srivastava said, “This method does not require any field preparation or tilling. It can save forty to fifty per cent of the water when compared to other systems, and saves the farmer considerable expenses,” he pointed out.
Srivastava had the following advice for farmers wanting to adopt the aerobic method. He said:
According to Srivastava, if the paddy is sown in the month of May the farmer will require 12 kgs of seed per acre. If the sowing happens in June or July, the farmer will need less than 10 kgs of seeds. “If you plant too many seeds, the plants may turn out weak,” he cautioned.
Read the story in Hindi.